American-advised Montagnard unit on patrol near Laos, 1972. [Source: Lieutenant Colonel Connie O’Shea Family Collection] NB: Lt. Col. O’Shea was the Phoenix Directorate’s liaison to Colonel Song at the Phung Hoang office at the National Interrogation Center in Saigon and in January 1972 was transferred to Phoenix headquarters in Nha Trang as deputy to II Corps Phoenix Coordinator Colonel Lewis Millett. The two led a Montagnard unit on a Phoenix mission inside South Vietnam near the Laos border.

[TDY is a new novel by Douglas Valentine, author of the nonfiction bestsellers The CIA as Organized Crime: How Illegal Operations Corrupt America and the World, Operation Phoenix: America’s Use of Terror in Vietnam, and five other books. As many know also, TDY stands for “temporary duty yonder,” as in military-related temporary travel or other assignments at locations other than the traveler’s permanent duty station.

Based on real-world accounts, TDY is an action-adventure story told by Pete, a young Air Force photojournalist. In early 1967, Pete is fooled into volunteering for a secret and perilous mission into Southeast Asia. During the mission he learns the true meaning of good and evil, while nearly losing his life in the process.

TDY, reviewed here by Bill Tremblay, provides insight into, among other things, the pervasive secrecy surrounding missions and how the “need-to-know” protocol keeps actors in the dark. Lew Millet, who ran the Phoenix program in II Corps for a year, had a deputya lieutenant commander named Connie O’Sheawho sent the on-patrol photos to Valentine.—Editors]

Early on in this “based-on-a-true-story” book, Pete, the central character and narrator, makes clear that something ominous lies ahead when he says wistfully:

“I wish I could tell you more about Rusty, José, and Taurus. I wish I could fully develop their characters and entertain and enlighten you with snippets of our repartee. But we never had any clever conversations, and after our initial introduction we stood there looking at each other, not knowing what to say … In fact, just as Taurus and José started unpacking … the guards came by and told Rusty and me to return to our room and wait for further instructions.”

This is just the first of a series of surprises that Pete experiences as he travels further into what he had thought was an ordinary 30-day temporary duty assignment—a surprise which brings up the old military truism that one should never volunteer.

By the time Pete and the photo-techs and their protective security team approach the C-130 that will fly them to their own heart of darkness, surprise becomes shock as they enter a plane whose windows have all been painted black.

Those of you who have read works by Doug Valentine such as The Hotel Tacloban will recognize a key theme that appears in TDY as well: secrecy. It has often been observed that secrecy and democracy do not mix.

True democracy requires transparency; But when an organization like the Central Intelligence Agency comes into being, it unleashes an anti-democratic element into the inner workings of the nation.

What is intriguing in reading TDY is that, though these four enlisted men are required to refrain from any fraternization, they manage to become more fully self-aware and connected—including the manner of their deaths during a secret mission in the spring of 1967 when the wars in Southeast Asia are escalating to their horrible climax. How the men conduct themselves during the mission, in effect, helps them reveal and uncover who they really are—though for all but a few, this is a prelude to their end.

II Corps Phoenix Coordinator Colonel Lewis Millett (smoking cigar) and his deputy Lieutenant Colonel Connie O’Shea (to his left) with Montagnard Unit near Laos, 1972.  [Source: O’Shea Family Collection]

The elements of this book fit together like the layers of an onion, each one surrounding and making opaque the layers beneath.

It’s like a detective story, a Vietnam War version of Chinatown with its twists and turns, all of which are part of protecting the secrecy of the mission while leaving the American public in the dark.

Four otherwise rather unremarkable guys are brought together in the jungles of Indochina for a secret mission that includes use of “state of the art” photographic and sound-recording equipment. At first, it appears they will be flown to the Philippines for a Photo/Recon mission, but that’s only one part of the mystery. The Security Team that makes certain that the Recon Team never gets to know one another constitutes a kind of flak jacket; it protects the technicians from dangers that are unknown and keeps them deceptively at ease before they are instructed to lay an ambush for North Vietnamese Army (NVA) regulars and complete the rest of their dangerous task.

U.S. soldiers with some Montagnards from remote village.  [Source: specialforces78.com]

In spite of the psychological manipulation, the overall mission leader, a man known only as “the Major,” stands out as an extraordinary character. He has all the leadership qualities and skills needed to organize this incursion in an undisclosed area of Southeast Asia where the recon technicians will photograph and sound-record an event planned and orchestrated by the MACV (Military Assistance Command—Vietnam) pitting one element of the U.S. national defense establishment against another. To carry out the mission, the Major recruits Montagnard tribesmen through a blood ritual. He also guides a security team armed with enough firepower to take down an entire company through dense jungle to a mountain plateau fifteen kilometers away. The plateau is both a poppy plantation and an airfield for the surreptitious cargos of an Air America C-123.

Dashing Montagnard scout near waterfalls. [Source: O’Shea Family Collection]

It is not this reviewer’s job to offer spoilers on the intricacies of what happens during this secret mission. But it is possible to suggest the significance of the whole structure of the narrative. There is a parallel to be found in Charles Baxter’s 1997 study, Burning Down the House: Essays in Fiction, which makes the claim that Richard Nixon’s memoirs are the most important influence on contemporary American fiction because of (1) Nixon’s inability to take responsibility for his crimes, (2) his insistence on the absolute “deniability” of his actions, and (3) his blustering attempts to place the blame for Watergate on others. If the traditional function of the novel has been to reveal or suggest meanings, then what happens to the novel when the characters are toxic narcissists? It’s not that there is no motive to unravel; rather, there is only one, a hollow self-aggrandizement. The raison d’être for the nation becomes the political rehabilitation and survival of its imperial President.

In Valentine’s story, selfishness and deniability—the essential characteristics of any CIA activity—are mission-critical.

Deniability is the “sinkhole of meaning,” at least in existential terms. The meaning of one’s life can be measured by the choices one makes, and willingness to admit to and make amends for one’s mistakes. In The Hotel Tacloban, Doug Valentine’s father is willing to take responsibility for the choices he made, but the U.S. government takes away his choices and their meanings in order not to endanger peace with Japan after World War II. He is threatened with a life sentence in Leavenworth if he reveals his part in the murder of an officer of the British Army in a prisoner-of-war camp in the Philippines.

Vietnam veterans march against the war. [Source: reddit.com]

The military record of Doug’s father was erased and replaced by a sanitized version; the same happens to “Pete.” He is threatened with assassination to keep the secret of the CIA’s involvement in illegal missions and in the drug trade in Southeast Asia—drugs that make their way back to the streets of cities in the United States.

The people of the United States are not trusted with knowing the truth about what the agencies, entrusted to protect the people, feel they must do to fulfill their goals.

Meanwhile, the whole basis of the United States as envisioned by the revolutionaries who founded the country—that policies should be based on clear, accurate information and that there be reasonable, measured evaluations of the challenges that face the nation—gets replaced by rumor, innuendo, and propaganda that evoke people’s basest fears. Pete is left with nothing but the memories of the deaths of the Major and the U.S. and Montagnard crews and a cryptic excuse that “the Agency has its own way of getting things done.” That is, absent a complete and convincing set of evidence, the U.S. military establishment isn’t going to press charges.

In effect, TDY enacts a very special kind of mission—the robbery not of one’s private property but the potential meaning of life. Life is reduced to the narrow parameters of the secret mission that Pete carries out but then must “forget” so that the mission can be “deniable” in order to protect the organization he agreed to work for. What he is left with, if anything, is some reflections on human perfidy and weakness. For his role in the cover-up, he received a $2,500 bonus as a down payment on a Ford Mustang which Pete imagines as his girl magnet that will fulfill his lust for money and ultimately sex—a bargain for which, as he looks back, was what he risked his life for.

Pete mourns the lives of those of his teammates who did not survive the mission and whose “evidences” were placed in a cardboard box and stored in a warehouse outside of Langley, Virginia. Inside that box may also be Pete’s memories. He may come to realize that the “no fraternization” rule has left him with no painful goodbyes to his team members because he never really knew them. The compensatory hope lies in the reflection that eventually the truth does come out in the form of a cautionary tale: First the fiction, then the reality.


TDY, by Douglas Valentine. Clarity Press: Atlanta, 2020. ISBN: 978-1-949762-20-4. 129 pps. Ppbk.



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