CAM Correspondent Ron Ridenour Gives an Insider Perspective on the Pristine Island-Nation
Part I of II
Contradictions in human behavior came through clearly regarding my titular contention that Iceland might develop into a diplomatic non-military, peace-seeking country when Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky spoke to Iceland recently. I chose that title before the new world order began on February 24—the beginning of World War III, I’m afraid.
That day, May 6, was the first time that a foreign head of state delivered a speech in the Althingi (meaning “assembly in the fields” parliament). 
The state welcomed Zelensky: “Iceland condems the Russian invasion of Ukraine and continues to provide support both with humanitarian efforts and assistance to refugees fleeing the war.”
Guðni Th. Jóhannesson, the country’s president, addressed Zelensky. “On behalf of the people of Iceland, I assure you our support and solidarity in your fight against Russia’s violent aggression…We share the same values, hopes and rights to enjoy freedom and peace.”
Nothing was said about the values, hopes and rights, freedom and peace of a fifth of Ukrainians, ethnic Russians, and others who openly oppose the two fascist parties—Social-Nationalists and Right Sector—which led the 2014 U.S.-backed coup against democratically elected President Viktor Yanukovych. These fascist mercenaries form a major part of the official army. Nothing was said either about Zelensky’s advocacy of using nuclear weapons against Russia, or why Ukraine has dozens of U.S.-financed biological warfare laboratories. 
One of those armed groupings, Azov, is openly fascist. It honors Stepan Bandera, a Nazi-collaborator in WWII, who led the killing of more than one million Jews, ethnic Russians and Poles. Azov is part of the army that has been killing thousands of ethnic Russians in eastern Ukraine (Donbas). Even CNN admits this.
Zelensky has been speaking to many European parliaments. His main message is how brutal the Russian military is; how much Ukraine wants to be in the EU (he usually avoids mentioning NATO membership these days); how U.S.-Europe must assure Ukraine’s sovereign rights.
He even claims that Russia’s war against his country is worse than Hitler and his WWII. Between 10 and 13 million Ukrainians were killed then, about half civilians and half soldiers on both sides. Another 2.2 to 2.5 million Ukrainians were sent to Germany as slave laborers. At the end of the war only 27.4 million of the 41.7 million Ukrainians lived. That means 35% of the population was killed, greater than all the deaths of Germans, Italians, Frenchmen, Brits and its entire Commonwealth, plus U.S. Americans combined. (The Soviets lost 27 million people.)
The mass media and politicians throughout Europe have entered a state similar to McCarthyism in the U.S. Hardly a voice is allowed to be heard or seen that supports Russia’s necessary armed intervention, in order to prevent yet another country at its border bearing weapons of mass destruction aimed at them.
Once again, it is no issue that the U.S. not only has WMD yet uses them against peoples in many countries, latest in Iraq and Afghanistan. The “coalition of the willing” war against Iraq killed more than two million people, because of the lie that Iraq had WMD, which it at one time bought from the U.S. and used up in the war between it and Iran. Why can’t countries that the U.S./Britain/NATO don’t control not have the same weapons that they have?
The mainstream media bombards us daily with selected facts and lies about the Russia-Ukraine armed conflict. Unlike in other wars, other than the breakup of Yugoslavia, other Europeans could ignore them as faraway whereas today the media and politicians won’t let us ignore this one. They even portray “Putin” as Hitler, a war criminal, out to be a Czar seeking to rule the world. It sounds like psychological projection from the point of view of Wall Street/Pentagon/CIA Americans.
On May 9, the 77th victory day by Russia (and allies) over Nazi Germany, President Putin told the nation: “Today, the common duty is to prevent the revival of Nazism, which brought so much suffering to people from different countries,” Putin said in the messages, according to a press release from the Kremlin.”
“The government of Ukraine announced a possible appropriation of nuclear weapons, and Nato initiated military colonization in territories belonging to us. So a completely unacceptable threat was created near our border,” the president said.
President Putin’s decision to resort to armed force, in order to defend Russia’s very sovereign existence while popular among most Russians, brings with it Russia’s own McCarthyism. According to CNN, citing a Russian poll, “the vast majority of Russians support the war, but 68% of Russians think the operation is proceeding successfully.
Putin’s popularity has also soared to 82%, after remaining stubbornly in the 60s since the Covid-19 pandemic hit right up until February, the month of Russia’s invasion…Polling in Russia must be taken with a grain of salt, however, given people are subject to a stream of propaganda and dissent is not tolerated.”
Following Zelensky’s brief remarks to Iceland, the once radical Left Green Prime Minister Katrín Jakobsdóttir spoke. Although she and her Left Green party realize that NATO is an aggressor, the PM backs U.S./NATO proxy war on Russia, seeking to weaken Russia’s society with the aim of “regime change”—a la U.S.’s many coups, including Ukraine.
PM Jakobsdóttir praised Zelensky for his, “powerful, moving words representing the brave Ukrainian people’s fight against the unprovoked, brutal aggression against the democratic, sovereign state of Ukraine…Your words challenge us to resist…We provide humanitarian assistance. We have now accepted 1000 refugees, and yesterday we doubled our assistance funds. We seek an investigation into Russia’s war crimes…Ukraine-Iceland have common history back to Viking days.” (More about Vikings at the end of the essay.)
Following the war path of the United States of America (plus England and Germany, Iceland is offering “defense cooperation” with Finland and Sweden while they await NATO membership.
On May 16, the three Nordic NATO countries signed this agreement.
“Finland and Sweden’s security is a matter of common concern to us all. Should Finland or Sweden be victim of aggression on their territory before obtaining NATO membership, we will assist Finland and Sweden by all means necessary.
We immediately initiate preparations in order to effectuate these security assurances. We will also further develop our defense cooperation with Finland and Sweden.” Government of Iceland | Statement by Denmark, Iceland and Norway on Finland and Sweden’s decision to apply for NATO membership
It is unclear what military assistance, if any, Iceland could offer. Iceland only has a Coast Guard, whose three offshore patrol vessels and a handful of smaller boats plus four helicopters mission is search and rescue and monitoring fisheries.
Iceland, just as all European governments, ignores the fact that the U.S. reneged on its promise not to move NATO east of Germany when the Soviet Union leadership agreed to allow East Germany to come into West German and NATO as a prelude to Soviet’s disintegration. The U.S. now has every former Warsaw Pact country in NATO. 
One of the innumerable U.S./NATO lies is that no such promise was ever made. However, among the evidence to the contrary is what the German Establishment medium Der Spiegel dug up. See Der Spiegel: Official document confirms that NATO promised not to expand eastwards—ac.news
Furthermore, George Kennan, the father of President Harry Truman’s Cold War Doctrine, explained that it was a, “fateful error” to expand NATO when President Bill Clinton decided to do so, in 1997.
Iceland-Europe also conveniently forget that the U.S. helped organize the pro-fascist coup in Ukraine, which led to Crimeans voting to join the Russian Federation, and the Donbas referendum asking the same. Russia’s government did not comply with Donbas’ request.
On December 13, 2013, Victoria Nuland, assistant secretary of state for European and Eurasian affairs, told the U.S.-Ukrainian Foundation that since 1991 the United States has spent $5 billion to teach Ukrainians “democratic skills”.
Two days before she and the U.S. ambassador to Ukraine Goeffrey Pyatt demonstrated against the elected Yanukovych government. They joined anti-government protestors calling for his overthrow at Independence Square. Try to imagine if Russia acted for “regime change” of the U.S.-supported Canadian government; gave lots of money for the violent opposition; and even sent top government coup makers to demonstrate in the capital where they handed out bread!
A leaked taped telephone conversation between Nuland and Pyatt proves how the U.S. got what it paid for. On December 4, 2013, three weeks before the coup, Nuland told Pyatt who should sit in the forthcoming coup government, and they then arranged for that to happen.
On February 23, 2014, the day coup-makers issued an illegal arrest warrant for the legitimate President Yanukovych, pro-Russian Crimeans seized government buildings at Crimea’s capital in Simferopol. On March 11, the local parliament declared Crimea’s independence from Ukraine, following a vote of 78 in favor and 22 against secession. The March 16 referendum results involved 1,274,096 voters (83% of potential): 1,233,002 for integration into Russian Federation (96.8%); 32,000 for remaining in Ukraine (2.5%). 
This was one area where U.S. warring did not succeed. According to the Congressional Research Service (CRS), which works “exclusively for the United States Congress operating within the Library of Congress,” the U.S. has conducted 330 wars and “military interventions” since its founding. That includes Russia, which it invaded in 1918, in order to overthrow the popular revolutionary government.
It seems that Jakobsdóttir forgot her Left Green program statement regarding capitalism and militarism. “Leftist-Greens founded our platform on four basic principles: social justice, women’s liberation, environmentalism, and a peaceful foreign policy.”
“The Left-Green Movement seeks to develop a democratic and fair society founded on the active participation of the public. The Movement rejects the autocracy of capitalism and seeks to protect the independence of the nation and its sovereignty over its own natural resources. The Left-Green Movement wishes to resign membership in military alliances. The Movement places emphasis on positive and peaceful co-operation with all nations, protecting Iceland’s nature and environment and ensuring the sustainable development of society.”
The Left Green-led government first came to power in 2017. In May 2020, it rejected NATO plans to expand its presence at the Keflavik naval base. The plans involved building a harbor suitable for receiving NATO vessels, in addition to overnight facilities and warehouses.
Nevertheless, the party has buckled under U.S.-NATO pressure regarding Russia’s preventive war aimed at protecting its sovereignty against ever-encroaching NATO bases with mass weapons of destruction at its borders, and near its border. Had Ukraine achieved admission into NATO, it would have had nuclear weapons just three minutes within striking distance to Moscow.
That is not something the haughty United States would ever allow close to its territory as the 1962 October Cuban Missile Crisis made clear.
At that time, the Pentagon and CIA were clamoring to wage first strike nuclear war against Russia. To them it was irrelevant that Cuba was acquiring weapons to defend itself against any further U.S. invasions such as the foiled armed landings the year before—the infamous “Bay of Pigs” invasion, which took local farmer militias and some army units just three days to put down.
President John Kennedy asked the juggernauts for a judgment on how many U.S. Americans might be killed in a nuclear war. The answer was a very modest one million, which Kennedy thought was too many. Instead, he ordered a naval blockade (quarantine) of all Soviet ships in route to Cuba, and an ultimatum to remove all such missiles.
Noam Chomsky wrote about this in “The Guardian”, October 15, 2012.
On October 27, 1962 U.S. destroyers enforcing the quarantine around Cuba were dropping depth-charges on [some of the four] Soviet submarines in route to Cuba. According to Soviet accounts, reported by The National Security Archive (The Submarines of October (gwu.edu)), the submarine commanders were “rattled enough to talk about firing nuclear torpedoes, whose 15 kiloton explosive yields approximated the bomb that devastated Hiroshima in August 1945”.
“In one case, a reported decision to assemble a nuclear torpedo for battle readiness was aborted at the last minute by Second Captain Vasily Arkhipov, who may have saved the world from nuclear disaster. There is little doubt what the U.S. reaction would have been had the torpedo been fired, or how the Russians would have responded as their country was going up in smoke.”
The United States has had an unwanted naval base in the southern part of Cuba, Guantanamo, since shortly after it invaded Cuba on June 20, 1898 just when liberation fighters were winning their independence war from Spain. Theodore Roosevelt led his “rough riders” up a little hill and defeated some Spanish soldiers. That media action assisted his rise to the presidency (1901-9). Spain signed a peace treaty on July 16. The U.S. totally controlled Cuba until it allowed the Republic of Cuba to be formed in May 1902. The U.S. then forced into its constitution the Platt amendment, which granted it much of Cuba’s nickel in the province of Guantanamo for three decades. The U.S. also forced Cuba’s government to grant it permanent use of part of the province for a naval base. It has used this base as a torture chamber for the past two decades.
Since Cuba’s revolutionary victory, January 1, 1959, the nation has demanded the withdrawal of U.S. military from its sovereign soil, which the military giant ignores with threat of war.
U.S. has ca. 800 military bases in 70+ countries, plus troops at “military facilities” in another 90 countries. U.S. funds 50 military bases of several countries where it can also have its troops. Many of these countries are in Central America and Colombia. The U.S. has 95% of the world’s foreign bases. The U.S. has innumerably more military bases on its own land than several countries together: 4,154 bases in its 50 states and 114 in its territories.
Russia has nine military bases and two radar/communication facilities in nine countries, most of them former Soviet Republics. It has around 50,000 military personnel stationed in these bases, half of them at the Sevastopol Crimea naval base. No matter what government Russia has, it could never allow NATO to takeover this historically and geo-politically key defensive military base, nor did Crimeans wish that when they asked to join the Russian Federation.
Iceland’s New Government Already in Trouble
Although I view Iceland’s political parties and the state as having allowed themselves to be coopted by the U.S. juggernaut religion “American Exceptionalism”, by its perennial double speak with a long history of war against “enemies” and “false flags” it manufactures, I still see positive developments in Iceland that could lead to what my title suggest. Much of what follows explains why I think so.
The coalition government of Left Greens, the conservative Independence party and center-right Progressive party won reelection on September 25, 2021.
Eighty percent of the people 18 years and over had voted. The Left-Green coalition government increased its mandate by one, acquiring 37 of the 63 seats. Thirty seats are held by women—the largest female percentage in Europe’s parliaments.
It took the reelected government until November 28 to form a new cabinet.
Popular Left-Green Prime Minister Katrín Jakobsdóttir continues in that post despite the fact that her party lost three of its 11 parliamentary seats from 2017. The center-right Progressive party gained five seats for 13 and the conservative Independence party retained its 16 seats.
Educated in Icelandic literature, 45 year-old Katrin Jakobsdóttir was Left-Green leader when she took second place with 17% of the vote in 2017.
The realistic-idealistic prime minister has said, “We all have to play a lot of different parts, not in the least in a small society like Iceland.”
Her government is the first to fulfill its term since the 2008 financial crisis, and the first to regain state power since 2003—major accomplishments for stability, at least temporarily.
Left-Greens maintain their three cabinet seats but lost control of the ministries of health and environment. Left-Greens had to compromise with the two stronger parties, and accept ministries of social and job market affairs, and food, fishing and agriculture.
Independence party earned five posts, taking over the precious environment-energy-climate affairs ministry. It also has the all-important ministries of finance and foreign affairs, thus heading NATO in Iceland. The Progressive party increased its ministers from three to four. The fourth is a new one, infrastructure. These right-wingers also hold the all-important ministry of business and culture (an interesting combination), and the ministries of schools-children’s affairs, and health.
Andie Sophia Fonataine, writing for Iceland’s “Grapevine” blog, raises the question of the Independent party’s commitment to women controlling their own body.
“Following the formation of Iceland’s new government, two appointments in particular are proving to be a bit contentious: Jón Gunnarsson of the Independence Party as Minister of Justice, and of the same party, Brynjar Níelsson as one of his assistants.”
Both men had voted against a 2019 abortion bill, which increased the termination of a pregnancy from 16 to 22 weeks. The then Minister of Health, Svandís Svavarsdóttir, submitted the bill, which passed 40-18 with three abstentions. The Pirate and Reform parties protest Gunnarsson’s appointment for that reason. A petition to remove him from that post is underway.
There is no minister of defense or war! It is the task of Iceland’s coast guard to fulfill the nation’s limited responsibilities to NATO (see NATO section further down). The prime minister hoped to get parliament to agree to a referendum that could result in changing the 1944 constitution, hoping to end Iceland’s ties to NATO and any “royal” ties to Denmark.
Sixty percent agree with PM Jakobsdóttirdo not to join EU. She blamed the Economic Union for being an “undemocratic” finance bloc.
Left-Greens, and other left-oriented parties, want greater public health care funding, while the farmer and business parties seek more privatization of health care. Besides that issue, NATO and EU, other issues are: reforming the constitution with a leftist agenda, and more or less tourism, which has been hurt by covid-19 causing a decline in the economy. That is the case everywhere and rightists use the decline to blame “too much” government spending.
In 2012, Icelanders voted in a non-binding referendum favoring proposals for a new basic law on what has been dubbed the world’s first “crowd-sourced constitution”. Changes to Iceland’s constitution must be approved twice by parliament, with a general election held between the votes. The current constitution does not take a position on referendums, and most people want that right, but a majority of political party leaders continually oppose this ongoing demand. Iceland: Voters back ‘crowd-sourced constitution’ in referendums (thejournal.ie).
Other parties in the Althing are: the rather conservative pro-NATO Social Democratic Alliance lost one seat now with six; People’s party gained two for six places; neo-liberalists Reform increased one to five; Centre, from four to three places; and the Pirate party, which retained its six seats. It only takes 5% of the vote to earn seats in the parliament. In the U.S., only 50%+one of the voters are represented in this “winner-takes-all” misnamed democracy.
The Pirate party attracted a majority of voters under 30, in 2015-6. It stands for government transparency, decriminalizing drugs, and offering asylum to Edward Snowden. Its leader, Birgitta Jónsdóttir, is a published poet, anarchist visionary and activist. She worked with Wikileaks and Julian Assange when he was in Iceland, in 2010. She helped produce the Collateral Murder video, which Chelsea Manning sent to Wikileaks, and for which she was imprisoned for eight years.
The anarchistic Pirates apparently take no position on NATO, which I could find. Nor does it take a position for joining the EU or not. It wishes to create a universal basic income.
The lack of cohesion and common visions within the coalition government is leading to a dysfunctional government. By April 27, the government had such serious problems that it would not be re-elected if there were a vote then, concluded “The Iceland Review”. “Trust in Government Plummets Following Controversial Bank Sale” ran the country’s longest-running English language magazine headline.
“If an election were held today, the current governing coalition would lose 12 of their 38 [sic: they have 37] seats, losing their current majority. The three governing parties: the Left-Green Movement, the Independence Party, and the Progressive Party, would win 26 seats in Alþingi—32 are needed for a majority government. The data comes from a recent poll Prósent conducted for news outlet Fréttablaðið,” wrote Jelna Ciric.
Independence is down to 17.9% from 24.4 of the vote last year; Progressive stands at 12.4 from 17.3; and the once popular Left Greens down to 9.6 from 12.9.
“The government’s handling of the [bank] sale has been harshly criticized by opposition MPs and has led to multiple public protests. A racist comment uttered by Progressive Party Chairman Sigurður Ingi Jóhannsson has likely impacted his party’s following,” wrote Ciric.
At a farmer’s conference, Jóhannsson spoke of Vigdís Häsler, CEO of the Icelandic Farmers’ Association, as “the black one”. Vigdís is Icelandic but was originally adopted from Indonesia.
Within days, as many as 2000 people twice demonstrated against Finance Minister Bjarni Benedikksson sale of much of the shares of Íslandsbanki, which the state fully owned until last year. He first sold 35% and now 22.5%, leaving the state with just 42%. One of the private investors is Benedikkson’s father. Foreigner investors have also bought many shares and sold them within a week at a large profit.
The government is considering selling all its shares, yet “Government ministers have refused interview requests from reporters over the past week to discuss the sale of the bank. The government notice released today [April 19] states that, ‘It is clear that the implementation of the sale did not fully live up to the government’s expectations, e.g. on transparency and clear dissemination of information.’”
Icelanders Voted for the World’s First Woman President
Presidents are elected every four years and have no term limits. Although presidential powers are limited, she/he has more powers than other European presidents and monarchs where prime ministers have nearly total power. After general elections, Icelandic presidents designate a party leader to form a government—the one that the president considers most likely to be able to form a majority government. The president also appoints cabinet ministers proposed by the PM, and determines their number and division of assignments. Ministers are not able to resign. Only the president can discharge them.
The current president is Guöni Th. Jóhannesson, 54, elected in 2016 and reelected in 2020. He is a professor and commentator on modern Islandic history. Jóhannesson has no party and considers himself not to be political, which, it seems, appeals to most Icelanders. Jóhannesson advocates reforming the constitution to allow greater citizen initiatives, including referendums.
A predecessor, Vigdis Finnbogadóttir, became the world’s first female elected president, and the first single mother president, on June 29, 1980. At 41, she adopted a daughter, becoming the first single woman allowed to adopt a child.
Finnbogadóttir had never been a member of a political party either. She was a cultural worker educated in French literature at the Sorbonne. When elected she was head of Iceland’s theatre. Vigdis served four terms (August 1980-April 1996), the longest serving president in Iceland. Chosen UNESCO’s Goodwill Ambassador, in 1998, she is still serving peace at 91.
President Finnbogadóttir granted me an interview shortly after taking office.
On March 8, 1975, the United Nations proclaimed 1975 as Women’s Year, inspiring Icelandic women to win full equality with men.
“I think my election was the result of the woman’s day strike we had on October 4, 1975. No lady did a thing the whole day. I was striking like everybody else, as were all my actresses.”
On that day, 90% of women did no housework; most did not go to their jobs; and 25,000 demonstrated (out of a 220,000 population). They pointed to Vigdis as their choice for president.
“We Icelanders have, indeed, succeeded in creating better times. We jumped from the Viking Age at the beginning of the century straight into industrialization.”
Vigdis referred to the fact that Icelanders had long been treated as second-class citizens or slaves. Most lived in poor conditions, first under Vikings (8th-11th centuries) and then colonialized by Scandinavian kingdoms from the 14th to the 20th centuries.
“We have accomplished a lot for such a small population. We have no real poverty; hardly any unemployment; everyone has food and shelter. And Imagine! We succeeded in harnessing the strong elements of nature: ice, rapid waters, fire, and even lava. We are the only nation to detour a lava stream to save a village and then used the lava to heat all the homes not destroyed,” she concluded, referring to a volcanic eruption on Heimaey Island in 1973.
When I was in Iceland (from late 1980 to May of 1981) half of heat and electric energy was sustainable: geothermal, hydroelectric, solar and wind. Today, renewable energy usage for heat and electricity is nearly 100%.
Unlike in the U.S., local and state governments own all utility companies and public services. Geothermal plants, for instance, convert salt water to run turbine engines. Renewable energy is cheaper than private fossil fuel operating corporations charge, and green energy without polluting industries has left water and soil cleaner. Average air pollutant particles (PM2.5) is 13.9 micrograms per cubic meter—the 2020 figure for the 38 Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries, whereas Iceland has only three micrograms per cubic meter. 
Yet not all energy use is sustainable. Due to exponential growth in tourism, much of it from U.S. Americans (many with loads of money) and other well-to-do foreign visitors, Iceland’s economy actually pollutes the air with more CO2 per capita than any other European country.
Iceland was ranked third or fourth among EU and EFTA countries from 2008 to 2014, but now ranks first with 16.9 percent carbon dioxide emission from the economy—EU average is 7.3. Increases in air and marine transport is the key reason plus “emissions from metal production [silicon and aluminum production, used, in part, for automobiles]…due to consumption of graphite in electrodes rather than from fuel combustion.”
Automobiles are still driven by fossil fuel. However, more people are now buying electric cars, hybrids and cars running on domestically produced methane, accounting for one-fourth of all new cars sold.
Few people rely on public transportation despite the low cost of city bus monthly passes for $100. Most people get a driving license at age 17. In 2017, there were 344,644 registered cars for a population of 338,349. That does not account for unregistered cars used mainly on farms. The number of cars grew by 6% over the previous year while population growth was just 1.8% Some of these cars are rentals mostly for tourists.
Then there is land erosion, especially from volcanic ash, but CO2 from that is negligible when it comes to human pollution.
Nevertheless, Iceland has cleaner water and even air than most countries. Due to sustainable energy use for heat and electricity, plus a diet based on fish (haddock is their favorite), fish oil and lamb, Icelanders average life expectancy is 83.5 years (85 for women, 82.2 for men). The government’s plan is to be totally carbon neutral by 2040.
Gender equality is widely successful and respected. Iceland has the world’s greatest gender equality measured by the relative gaps between women and men in health, education, economy and politics.
Iceland is one of ten countries in which women are legally protected with full equal rights. They usually retain their sur name after marriage. In 2020, the US ranked at 91.3%, below countries such as Albania. The U.S. does not guarantee equal pay and pensions, and has poor parental leave laws. The United States ranked at 91.3 percent below
Many women hold leadership positions in government and business: 52.2% of the labor force is women; 88% of working-aged women are employed; 65% of university students; 46.6% members of parliament. Still, the pay gap between women and men is 14.5% less for women.
In 2018, the Left-Green-led government introduced the first policy in the world requiring companies and institutions with 25 employees+ to prove that they pay everyone equally for a job of equal value. See OECD Better Life Index and Labor Market in Iceland Gender-Divided (icelandreview.com) and How Iceland Is Closing the Gender Wage Gap (hbr.org).
Female and male parents each receive nine months maternity/paternity leave for every child up to18 months of age with 80% paid leave from one’s guaranteed job. Thereafter, parents can maintain their jobs without pay if they wish while spending up to 13 weeks annually with their children until they are eight years old. Nearly all women partake in maternity leave while 90% of fathers do so, the highest figures in OECD countries where the average is 55%. See 44975802.pdf (oecd.org).
Women’s fertility rate at 1.7 is a bit higher than Europe’s average. Two-thirds of mothers are unwed. See single mothers | Icelandmag. Child care is subsidized by taxes and available to all children from age one. Subsidies are reduced at age two when children attend kindergarten/preschool. See Living in Iceland and the standard of living (go-to-iceland.com).
The 2003 Children’s Act outlawed spanking, even verbal and emotional abuse. Physical or mental violence is punishable by imprisonment and/or fine.
Same-sex couples have been able to register in union since 1996. They have had equal access to adoption of children, and egg fertilization (IVF), since 2006. In February 2009, a minority Social Democratic Alliance (SDA)-led government took office headed by Jóhanna Sigurõardóttir, the world’s first openly gay head of government in modern times. Parliament amended the country’s marriage law on 11 June 2010 by a unanimous vote to define marriage as between two individuals. The new PM married her common law partner to become the first legal gay marriage.
After a five-year experiment (2015-19) with a reduced working week, large unions negotiated a four-day 35-36 hour-work week. Now, 86% of the working class enjoy this reduction and earn the same as before. Production remains at the same level. Workers are less stressed, and driving less also reduces CO2 emissions. Island har kæmpe succes med fire dages arbejdsuger (msn.com).
Only five-percent say they are unhappy with their jobs. This has a lot to do with Icelanders’ class consciousness and union solidarity, which encourages partial worker-management decision-making. Eighty-seven percent say workers need strong unions to protect their interests. Only five percent believe strong unions hurt the economy. Seventy-nine percent belong to labor unions; 89% receive wages based on a union contract.
Iceland has the highest rate of unionization in the Nordic Countries. The average rate of unionization in the OECD countries is 17%. In the US, only 10.8% (14 million) were unionized in 2020. See Large majority of Icelanders believe strong unions crucial for workers, strengthen economy | Icelandmag.
Eighty-six percent of Icelanders aged 15 to 64 have paid jobs, the highest among OECD countries, whose average is 68%. Over half 65-70 year olds continue to work. See OECD Better Life Index.
There is no minimum wage law but most workers have unions, which bargain for wages and working conditions, and many jobs do have a bargained minimum wage. Icelanders average gross wages run around $5,500 a month ($66,000 annually, or $32 an hour). After taxes of 38-40%, one ends with $20 an hour. ($1=125 ISK- Icelandic Kroner). Average monthly incomes for elementary school teachers, $3,700; architect, $4,500; police, $4,248; journalist, $4,800; attorney, $7,733—in the U.S. attorneys’ median income is $12,500 (2019). See Average Salary in Iceland – Destination Scanner…and Lawyer Salary | US News Best Jobs.
Per capita income is 29% over EU average but price indexes are higher than EU average. An average one-bedroom apartment in Reykjavik goes for ca. $1,500 monthly; outside the city, $1,200. Mortgages have 20-year fixed interest rates of 6.36%.
Health care and education costs are covered by taxes. Smoking has been banned in restaurants, cafes, bars and nightclubs since 2007, which the vast majority support. Eighty-one percent of population have never smoked—one of highest in the world—and just 12% are daily smokers; 7% occasional smokers. See How many people in Iceland smoke? (icelandreview.com).
Iceland’s health system, with its disciplined response to COVID-19, has performed exceptionally well. As of December 2021, 91.4% of the population have had two vaccinations. Infected persons number 20,000 (ca. ½%) with 36 deaths. See corona in iceland – Search (bing.com).
Most of Iceland’s seven universities are free. Some charge minimal administrative costs. Most students live at home while studying.
Despite great progress in welfare, there is still some poverty in Iceland. Nevertheless, the current rate of poverty, 0.10, is one of the lowest worldwide, and the lowest in OECD countries. (The US government 2019 statistic was 10.5%.) In 2015, there were 6,200 Icelanders living in severe poverty; 2017, 8.8% lived in low-income category. The government provides some support to all living in poverty and the homeless. In 2017, 360 people were homeless in Reykjavik. In 2011, 761 in the entire country. See World Leader: Poverty Rate in Iceland Continuously Lowers (borgenproject.org).
The current unemployment rate is 5.8%. The government pays unemployment benefits up to 30 months. Benefits start at 100% of wages and are reduced every so many months. See Unemployment benefits in Iceland (a-kasser.dk).
In 2019, with a $68,000 GDP per capita, Iceland has recaptured its leading economic status among nations at 6th place. That does not mean economic equality, however, as the richest five percent of families owned 43.5% of all assets, in 2018. See Iceland’s Richest 5% Own About Half The Country’s Wealth (grapevine.is).
Free from Denmark, Captured by NATO
Iceland gained its independence and general sovereignty at the end of World War II, 1918. With the ensuing Union Act, however, the king of Denmark remained the king of Iceland, and still oversees Iceland’s foreign policy.
Denmark’s Social Democrat-led government immediately capitulated to Nazi Germany’s occupation on April 9, 1940. That Denmark still controlled Iceland’s foreign policy worried Britain.
England imposed a naval blockade aimed at controlling Icelandic export goods, preventing profitable shipments to Germany. England offered Iceland economic assistance in exchange for using facilities for military defense, as part of co-operation “as a belligerent and an ally”. Iceland’s government refused the offer and reaffirmed its neutrality. It also declared that the Danish King Christian X was unable to perform his constitutional duties and thus assigned them to itself.
Since Iceland was neutral and without a military, England’s Navy and Marines occupied the country on May 10. Its hundreds of troops met no resistance. Canada soon sent 4,000 troops. Brits and Canadians built an airfield at Keflavik. British invasion of Iceland – Wikipedia
Under strong Nazi attacks, Britain asked the United States to take over Keflavik. In September 1941, three months before the US entered the war, the first US troops arrived. They built two major airfields. The base served to ferry personnel, equipment, and supplies to Europe. At its height, US military presence grew to 38,000 soldiers and sailors—50,000 allied troops in all. Iceland Base Command – Wikipedia
Iceland’s acceptance of the US military, the reality that Denmark was under Nazi Germany, and Icelanders independent character led the Althing to decree Iceland’s independence from Denmark. Iceland became a republic on June 17, 1944.
On March 30, 1949, the Althing voted (37-13) to join the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. The Independence, Progressive and allegedly Social Democrat parties voted for; opposed were Nationalists and Socialists.
“Iceland, unique among NATO Allies, does not have a military. Icelanders have long been proud of their country’s pacifist tradition…so, the decision to join the Alliance as a founding member in 1949 was controversial. Throughout the Cold War, Iceland had several national debates about whether or not to withdraw from NATO”, so opens NATO’s website on Iceland’s membership. NATO – Declassified: Iceland and NATO – 1949
As parliament assembled on March 30, Socialists led an anti-NATO. Pro-NATO demonstrators awaited them. Socialists wanted a referendum on the issue, and sought friendly relations with WWII allies, the Soviet Union. Nationalists, worried about being drawn into global conflicts, which they thought could dilute their culture, language and ethnicity, also protested joining NATO.
Fisticuffs ensued as eggs and rocks flew through the air. Parliament windows crashed. The uproar lasted for hours. Police finally broke it up using batons and tear gas, which police did not employ again until resistance to the 2008 financial crises exploded.
On April 4, 1949, Iceland joined 11 other countries, including Denmark, to found NATO. NATO – Declassified: Iceland and NATO – 1949
US and British troops had withdrawn from the Keflavik base in 1947, but the US returned in 1951 as the Iceland Defense Force NATO resident. This was Iceland’s commitment to NATO, and it would not be paid for NATO’s presence.
The base serves primarily for periodic NATO exercises, and as a radar and communications site, watching the Russians. While most Icelanders over the years still favor NATO, opponents could become the majority. Why else does the parliament majority refuse to allow a binding referendum on the matter?
The “Campaign Against Militarism” is the main protest organization. They demonstrate with banners “Iceland Out of NATO” and “The Army Out”. In 1974, resisters seemed to have become effective. The Progressive party-led coalition government, which included Communists and left liberals, announced that it would be closing the US military base and would “ask” its troops to leave. Pro-NATO Icelanders circulated a petition in support of keeping the base open. It received more than 55,000 signatures, over a quarter of Iceland’s population at the time. New parliament elections in June brought the most pro-NATO Independence party into power. While it continued the status quo, it did require that no more than 3,000 US soldiers were welcome. Down considerably from some years. All US troops must live on the base and be there by 23:30.
NATO protests continued, however, and were often joined by Vigdis Finnbogadóttir. In the 60s-70s, she demonstrated scores of times against the Keflavik military base, often marching the 50 kilometers from Reykjavik to the base.
In 1980, the president told me, “Whenever I speak as head of state, I speak about peace. I will say it as often and as long as necessary,” the straight-talking president told me. Smashwords – Scandinavia on the Skids: The Failure of Social Democracy – a book by Ron Ridenour
“Think what we could do with the money that goes into militarism! I am a premeditated pacifist. Wars and armies are absurd things. We have no army, no militarism. We are a peaceful, independent people,” asserted the principled president.
At that time, polls indicated that 54% were for NATO and the base against 31%. No recent polls have been made that I could find.
In 2016, yet another US intrusion occurred. The new centrist Progress party’s Prime Minister Sigmundur Daviö Gunnlaugsson acquiesced to the US Navy, allowing it to retake the Keflavik base. Shortly thereafter, on April 7, he was ousted from governing for corruption and tax evasion. (see further down)
In 2017, the new Donald Trump regime announced its intention to modify the largest hangar on the Icelandic base. Its contention was that it needed the base to “deter Russian aggression”.
“At Naval Air Station Keflavik, Iceland, slightly more than $14 million is being invested to build new hangars to house sub-hunting Navy P-8 Poseidon aircraft, according to Foreign Policy.” US plans $200 million buildup of European air bases flanking Russia (airforcetimes.com)
Retaking Keflavik was part of Russiaphobia pressure, which Donald Trump felt compelled to partially fall for. The paradoxical president designated $214 million to repair and build ten US military bases in Norway, Estonia, Latvia, Luxembourg, Romania, Hungary, Slovakia as well as Iceland. At some bases, high tech stealth fighters were to be employed.
Demonstrations took place again beginning in September 2018 as anti-militarism increased once it was announced that NATO would conduct war games across the North Atlantic in October-November. “Trident Juncture 18” involved 40,000 military personnel, 130 war aircraft and 70 warships. Most of the exercises took place in Norway, but Iceland received 400 U.S. soldiers, 10 warships and 6,000 sailors. From Iceland — Iceland To Be Overrun By NATO Exercises, Reviving Anti-Militarist Sentiment (grapevine.is)
Although Prime Minister Jakobsdóttir still expresses hope that Iceland could withdraw from NATO, and does not wish to join the EU, she appears to accept NATO/EU sanctions against Russia.
Nevertheless, the PM told “The Express” that the “European Central Bank has become really powerful without being very democratic. The economic policies of the EU have been really distant from people in the Eurozone and they’ve created divisions that need not be there.” Iceland PM laughs off taking EU membership and wants to QUIT Nato too | World | News | Express.co.uk
PM Jakobsdóttir has not wished to oppose, or could not stop, Iceland’s sanctions against Russia. Iceland’s governments have accepted the US-EU imposed sanctions against Russia since 2014, because 96.8% of Crimeans voted in the March 16, 2014 referendum to rejoin Russia. Only 2.5% of those voting (83%) wished to remain in the Ukrainian neo-fascistic coup government. A year later, the capitalist-prized “Forbes Magazine” wrote that poll after poll showed the vast majority of Crimeans—including ethic Ukrainians and Russians—were glad they had joined Russia. One Year After Russia Annexed Crimea, Locals Prefer Moscow To Kiev (forbes.com)
The day after Crimeans made their democratic decision, the US and EU imposed sanctions on Russia. Iceland’s Progress party’s PM Sigmundur David Gunnlaugsson’s government joined the rogue states. Most Icelandic parties, including bourgeois ones, felt mixed on the matter. They wanted to do as the U.S./EU demanded to maintain close friendships, but this also hurt their marine trade with Russia, which fell from 10% to 4% between 2014-15. Iceland’s alignment with the EU–US sanctions on Russia: autonomy versus dependence (hi.is)
Besides the economic issue, what the West does not want to talk about is the important fact that had the people on this peninsula not joined Russia, NATO would have built a military base at Sevastopol, Crimean’s largest city where both Ukraine’s naval forces and Russia’s Black Sea Fleet had major bases. So close to Russia’s border, Sevastopol has been an important port and naval base since Russia built it (1772-1783). Would the U.S. accept a Russian base at Tijuana? 
Russia waited until the summer 2015 to instill counter-sanctions against Iceland. Russia had taken some counter-sanctions against US and EU countries in August 2014, but only on goods, and not individuals and travel bans as the aggressors did. Baldur Thorhallsson and Pétur Gunnarsson wrote in a Norwegian Institute of International Affairs academic paper that Iceland’s government considered withdrawing from sanctions at that point, but compromised by continuing “to implement the EU sanctions but would not take part in the EU’s declarations about the sanctions.”
“The chairman of the Left Green Movement and a member of the Foreign Affairs Committee (2014-2015) was skeptical of the sanctions and Iceland’s participation in them from the beginning (Ingolfsson 2015a). On the other hand, the chairman of the Social Democratic Alliance was in favour of them…” (PDF) Iceland’s Relations with its Regional Powers: Alignment with the EU-US sanctions on Russia (researchgate.net)
Although Left-Greens did not want the sanctions, the movement is not strong enough to stop them nor can they get out of NATO. Leftist parties are too factionalized. Two years after US/EU/Iceland sanctioned Russia, the U.S. sent military personnel back to Keflavik intent on harassing Russia. This heavy-handedness is modern neo-colonialism.
In a November 2018 interview with Danish journalist Martin Breum, PM Jakobsdóttir told him that the Keflavik base houses U.S. soldiers on a quasi-permanent basis.
“My party’s position is that we are against Iceland’s membership of NATO. However, we are the only party in Iceland’s parliament that holds that position, and Iceland now has a national security policy, which passed through Parliament in 2016.”
“Our coalition government is a broad one and also an odd one in Icelandic terms and in the international context,” she said. Iceland is key to NATO — but Iceland’s prime minister worries about militarization in the North Atlantic – ArcticToday
The Icelandic state website section on NATO states, “In its work within the Alliance, Iceland inter alia puts emphasis on NATO’s role in disarmament, arms control and non-proliferation, including nuclear issues… The fight for human rights and women’s empowerment, peace and disarmament has high priority in Iceland’s foreign policy…Furthermore, Iceland and its territorial waters shall be declared free from nuclear weapons, subject to Iceland´s international commitments.” Government of Iceland | Iceland and NATO
While Icelandic law forbids nuclear weapons, Icelanders do not investigate what the United States brings to the Keflavik base nor inspect its aircraft and war ships. The same goes for Danish governments, which also forbid nuclear weapons on its territory but dare not inspect US warships and aircraft. Denmark has no foreign or NATO military bases, yet it secretly and illegally allowed the US to have nuclear weapons at its Greenland Thule base. NUCLEAR-RISKS | Thule
When I worked in Iceland, People’s Alliance MP Olafur Ragnar Grímsson asserted that nuclear weapons could be at Keflavik base. Helgi Agustsson, one of Iceland’s two diplomats in its defense agency said, “Iceland has the right to inspect the base. We don’t do it. It wouldn’t be fool proof.” An Icelandic spokesperson associated with base operations, Mik Magnusson, told me, “It’s a question of who to believe”.
Financial Crisis 2007-8
In Iceland’s Saga Age non-slaves prospered. During Nordic colonialization, Norway and then Denmark had a “monopoly of trade”. GDP fell 40% between 12th and 18th centuries. Economic history of Iceland – WikiMili, The Best Wikipedia Reader
In 2000, Social Democrats merged with two other political parties into the Social Democratic Alliance. Then it, and subsequent governments, cut taxes on wealth, cut pensions, deregulated some public services, deregulated the market, and the public banks were privatized with deregulation to follow, which led to the 2007-8 financial crash. The international crisis actually started in this tiny island-nation when all three private banks collapsed.
In 1980, net debt to foreign countries was at 36% of the GDP. When the real estate bubble burst debt rapidly rose to 246% of GDP. In 1980, household debt per portion of income was 21%; it rose to 227% with the crash. Bank defaults totaled $114 billion when GDP was only $19 billion.
Parliament passed emergency legislation to take over the banks’ domestic operations and established new banks to handle them. The government, however, did not take over any of the foreign assets or obligations. Those stayed with the original banks gone bankrupt. The old banks were put into receivership and liquidation, resulting in losses for shareholders and foreign creditors.
More Icelanders than in most countries are politically conscious and motivated to take on corruption in politics and business. Because most people know one another, the elite cannot hide from the mass. Many thousands rallied at Reykjavik’s main square on freezing days between October 2008 and January 2009 when greedy bankers lost control of loans and sales. In what was named the kitchenware Revolution, protesters banged saucepans, linked arms around the parliament building, pelted it with food (too wasteful for my taste), and demanded the politically mixed Independence-Social Democratic Alliance government resign. PM Geir Hilmar Haarde and his coalition government did so in January 2009.
On February 1, SDA leader Jóhanna Siguróardóttir formed a new government with the more left LGM and backed by the Progressive and Liberal parties. Following parliamentary elections on April 25, resulting in an increase of LGM seats, the coalition government continued in office until May 23, 2013.
In September 2010, Geir became the first Icelandic minister to be indicted for misconduct in office. He stood trial before the Landsdómur, a special court for government leaders’ criminal behavior. This was the first time Landsdómur convened since its inception in 1905. Haarde was convicted on one count, but acquitted of the most serious violations. Due to his age, no previous criminal record and the acquittal of the most serious charges, Haarde was not sentenced, and the Icelandic State paid his legal expenses. Haarde referred the case to the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg. In November 2017, the court ruled against him. Geir Haarde – Wikipedia
The new government convened a constitutional assembly to discuss changes in the 1905 constitution, clearly supported by most of the nation. The contorted process to change the constitution fell through in 2012. The current government hopes to try again.
Best of all, Icelanders saw to it that the criminal bankers were tried in court. The first major bankers were found guilty and imprisoned. By 2017, 29 bankers had been sentenced to a total of about 80 years imprisonment. Charges ranged from breach of fiduciary duties to market manipulation and embezzlement. Average sentences: four to five and one-half years. Kaupping bank CEO Hreiõar Már Sigurõssin received the longest sentence, 66 months. They all served time in open prisons.
No banker went to prison in the United States or anywhere else in the world that I could find. They are “too big to fail,” viewed as necessary because of “collateral consequences”, so stated Barak Obama’s Attorney General Eric Holder. (See: Eric Holder – Wikipedia;Too big to fail – Wikipedia; Transcript: Attorney General Eric Holder on ‘Too Big to Jail’ | American Banker;Icelandic Bankers Sentenced to Prison (icelandreview.com)) 
Hoping to please Iceland’s elite and EU, the quasi-leftist SDA-LGM government proposed the repayment “Icesave” deal to British and Dutch creditors. The people were, however, backed by an EFTA Court ruling that Iceland was not obliged to repay Dutch and British depositors minimum deposit guarantees. 2008–2011 Icelandic financial crisis – Wikipedia
In 2010, Iceland’s GDP had fallen to 21st place. Yet unlike all other nations with capitalist-run economies, Icelanders refused to bail out the banks. In 1996, former People’s Alliance MP, Olafur Ragnar Grímsson—a political science professor who replaced Vigdis as president—had taken the unusual step of vetoing an appeasing bill to bailout customers of the private banks. In the March 2010 “Icesave” loan guarantee referendum, 98% of the people backed Grimsson—now president—who vetoed the bill. 2010 Icelandic loan guarantees referendum – Wikipedia
After this defeat, the SDA-LGM government still tried to pay foreign creditors, this time in instalments. On 20 February 2011, President Grímsson again vetoed the bill. In the second referendum, April 9, 2011, Icelanders again rejected (60-40%) to pay $5 billion loans made by Britain and the Netherlands. Icelanders reject debt repayment deal | CBC News
During May 2013 parliament election, Progress party’s leader Sigmundur Daviõ Gunnlaugsson ran against the progressive coalition on a platform of “cleaning up” bank corruption and tax fraud. His party won parliament elections, and he became PM. Gunnlaugsson worked with the president in refusing to pay the British and Netherland governments, a struggle finally sanctioned legally by the European EFTA Surveillance Authority. The centrist PM appeared more loyal to the people than the “leftists”. (See: Welcome to Iceland, Where Bad Bankers Go to Prison – Bloomberg)
“We were wise enough not to follow the traditional prevailing orthodoxies of the Western financial world in the last 30 years. We introduced currency controls, we let the banks fail, we provided support for the poor, and we didn’t introduce austerity measures,” President Grímsson commented.
“Why are the banks considered to be the holy churches of the modern economy? Why are private banks not like airlines and telecommunication companies, and allowed to go bankrupt if they have been run in an irresponsible way? [We will not] let ordinary people bear their failure through taxes and austerity. People in enlightened democracies are not going to accept that in the long run.”
After the financial crisis, Iceland implemented some capital control measures, which substantially reduced financial crimes and the illicit movement of money through Iceland. However, some of these controls were removed by new political leaders. This could lead to more economic corruption by the rich and those who seek to become rich.
Nevertheless, the state still has more control over banking than many other capitalist controlled economies. The largest banks in Iceland now are Landsbanki, Íslandsbanki (previously Glitnir) and Arion Banki (previously Kaupþing).
“They were all nationalized during the banking collapse in October 2008 but have since to the largest extent been sold or taken over by creditors. The only bank in which the Icelandic state still holds the majority of shares is Landsbanki, 81 percent. The state holds five percent of shares in Íslandsbanki and a 13 percent share in Arion Bank. Other Icelandic banks include the fairly new MP Bank, and the string of regional savings banks originally called Sparisjóður. Other Sparisjóður savings banks are performing well, most notably Sparisjóður Höfðhverfinga from the village of Grenivík in Northeast Iceland, which has opened a branch in the region’s largest town Akureyri.” Iceland BanksCentral Banks Directory | OffShoreBanksDirectory
The fact that Iceland has once again nationalized some of its banking is little known to the outside world since capitalists, their politicians and the mass media are unhappy about this quasi-governmental control over some of banking. Nevertheless, most of the crisis loans were paid back in 2015 without the usually forced austerity measures and huge interest rates. Economic history of Iceland – WikiMili, The Best Wikipedia Reader
Strong feelings of distrust for politicians, who routinely turn their backs on promises made, and opportunist businessmen and women, are now deep-seated in much of the population. In 2016, polls showed that two-thirds of the people had lost faith in The Establishment.
In April 2016, Iceland experienced its largest demonstrations in history. Up to 25,000 people protested outside the prime minister’s office in Reykjavik for several days. This determined protest was prompted by Panama Papers revelations showing that several senior Iceland officials, including PM Gunnlaugsson and his finance minister, had large investments in foreign corporations and in tax shelters, in order to circumvent Iceland’s capital controls. Public outcry over these revelations forced Gunnlaugsson to resign on April 7, 2016.
For the entire year of 2016-7, the activist citizenry persisted in challenging leading politicians. Social Democrats also became discredited for their right turns, as well as the traditionalist farmer Progressive Party. The nation had four prime ministers within a year’s time.
Since then most politicians have been listening more to the people, and have refused to cut back on social services. People utilize their natural resources to attract the technology industry. Commercial fishing remained strong. The tourist industry bloomed—probably too much so. The International Monetary Fund conceded that Iceland “surpassed pre-crisis output levels”.
The financial-economic crises hurt Iceland like most others in the world. Yet unlike in practically all capitalist countries, especially the U.S., government actions have been beneficial in reviving a decent standard of living for, at least, 90% of the people. Following the financial crash, one example of a government program aimed at stimulating “a previously frozen housing market and reduce household debt.” It has been quite successful as housing debt has dropped from 124 percent of the GDP to 77 percent. World Leader: Poverty Rate in Iceland Continuously Lowers (borgenproject.org)
This project shows that a partially mixed economy—mostly market capitalism yet still with some government planning—is more beneficial for the working class.
In 2019, with a $68,000 GDP per capita, Iceland has recaptured its leading economic status among nations at 6th place. That does not mean economic equality, however, as the richest 5% families owned 43.5% of all assets, in 2018. From Iceland — Iceland’s Richest 5% Own About Half The Country’s Wealth (grapevine.is)
Iceland is rich in aluminum, which constitutes its largest export product (36%) and ferroalloys (2.5%). Fish, especially haddock, cod, herring and redfish, plus fish oil are their second largest export product (17%)—both fresh, frozen and processed fish. They trade mostly with Western Europe, as well as China and Russia. Iceland (ISL) Exports, Imports, and Trade Partners | OEC – The Observatory of Economic Complexity
Overall product exports accounts for a $6 billion income; service exports garner $8.6 billion. They import petroleum, aluminum oxide, electronics and medicines for $6.7 billion; services for $5.24 billion. Their trade advantage is $2.6 billion.
Norwegian and Danish Vikings ravished parts of Norway, Ireland and England, murdering, raping, kidnapping many they forced into slavery. Some slaves were brought to Iceland. Partly ruled by Vikings, a certain independence for free people allowed for a partial commonwealth. In a few years, some Norwegian farmers, and perhaps Viking conqueror Ingólfr Arnarson’s son Torstein, created the Althing, in 930. Freed people met outdoors to determine how they should conduct their economy and politics. When Vikings converted to catholic Christianity so did Icelanders. Two hundred years after Viking rule, in 1262, the Kingdom of Norway took over Iceland. Between 1397-1523, the Kingdoms of Norway, Sweden and Denmark ruled Iceland, Greenland, Faroe Islands, Orkney and Shetland. From 1523, Iceland was under Danish rule until partial autonomy in the 20th century. During the years of foreign rule, most Icelanders were kept poor by Danish merchants. ↑
See Fox News about biological labs. Tucker Carlson: The questions about the biolabs in Ukraine that everyone should be asking (our.news)
The right-wing media host said that the Biden administration has denied it has dangerous pathogens. “We foolishly assumed that in this one instance, they might be telling the truth and then out of nowhere, the Biden official in charge of Ukraine confirmed the story. Toria Nuland, the Under Secretary of State, casually mentioned in a Senate hearing.”
Zelensky also threatened to acquire nuclear weapons useable against Russia days before President Vladimir Putin agreed to accept Donbas wish to be an independent country, and then sent in troops and tanks to defend it. President Zelensky Suggests Ukraine May Pursue Nuclear Weapons To Counter Russia, Putin Responds | The Daily Wire and Ukraine threatens to build nuclear weapons to ward off Russia threat If West doesn’t shut down Putin (the-sun.com) ↑
See CovertAction Magazine many articles and a webinar with former CIA analysts Ray McGovern and John Kiriakou, plus Scott Ritter, former U.S. Marine Intelligence officer, UN Arms Inspector, who exposed U.S.’s lie about weapons of massive destruction in order to invade Iraq. They explain what is really going on with this war/military intervention to de-nazify Ukraine and protect ethnic Russians. Teach-in Webinar – War in Ukraine: How the Lies of Empire Stand in the Way of a Diplomatic Resolution – CovertAction Magazine ↑
The vast majority of Crimeans are still glad for the decision to join Russia. Even The Establishment’s Foreign Affairs and Forbes magazines say so. The Majority of Crimeans Are Still Glad for Their Annexation by Russia | Foreign Affairs and One Year Later In Crimea: Polls Don’t Tell The Whole Story (forbes.com)
To see more about this and how the U.S. and Ukrainian fascists have worked together, in order to threaten Russia’s very existence, see Oliver Stone’s documentary: Watch Online Ukraine on Fire Free | Write Brain TV (writebrainstudios.tv) ↑
See CRS’ latest report, on March 8, 2022, “Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798-2022”. R42738.pdf (fas.org) CRS cites hundreds of “U.S. armed forces use abroad”. In 2009, it stated that there were 167 wars or “military invasions between 1798-1941, and 163 between 1945-2008. Most Latin American countries have been invaded several times, or been subject to “gunboat diplomacy”—such treatment has been dealt China 30 times, as late as 1999 when it bombed its embassy in Yugoslavia.
Covert operations, such as coups/“regime changes” are not included in CRS accounts. Other researchers show between 500 and 600 wars/military interventions in U.S.’s history. One such “intervention” was ordered by President Ronald Reagan against Grenada, the island-country with 96,020 inhabitants. This occurred in 1983 during the CIA’s Operation Condor period, in which all of South America was subjected to U.S.-led military regimes and coups with fascist run subversion.
Grenada does not border the United States, as does Ukraine border Russia. Grenada is 160 kilometers north of Venezuela, 4,377 kilometers from the Greatest Democracy in the world, but Reagan felt “threatened” anyway.
There was an internal conflict of leftist forces, a coup took place, and on October 19, 19 soldiers and civilians were killed. President Reagan saw a chance to expand the empire. He noted that there were 600 U.S. medical students studying on the island and they could be in danger, albeit none requested any assistance. Reagan was not moved by that. He wanted to prevent Cuban influence. There were 636 Cuban construction workers building an airport alongside English construction workers—a joint UK/Cuba effort. Reagan ignored England’s investment.
On October 25 1983, “The invading force consisted of” 7,600 US army, air force, navy, marines. “The force defeated Grenadian resistance after a low-altitude airborne assault by Rangers and the 82nd Airborne on Point Salines Airport…” United States invasion of Grenada – Wikipedia
There were 49 Soviet military advisors for the People’s Revolutionary Government present. They did not join in combat, but two were wounded during the four days of fighting before the U.S. toppled the government. Four Cubans died, 59 wounded. Grenadian forces lost 45 with 358 wounded. The invaders lost 19 and 152 were wounded.
The U.S. got the government it wanted. Soviet advisors and Cuban construction workers were kicked out. The United Nations General Assembly condemned the U.S. “invading force” as “a flagrant violation of international law” by a vote of 108 to 9.
Nothing happened to the U.S. There were no sanctions, no Western tears for the Grenadian and Cuban dead. I went to jail briefly in Copenhagen for smashing the huge front windows of the Embassy of Death with cobblestones. The judge must have been sympathetic as he fined me the minimum of $100 equivalent for property damage even though I refused to pay the state $10,000 for the broken windows.
The only time in all the thousands of U.S. invading military ventures that it was sanctioned (and without effect) was by the International Court of Justice, in 1986, for its non-war war against Nicaragua. Nicaragua v. United States – Wikipedia
The ICJ found that the United States was, “in breach of its obligations under customary international law not to use force against another State”; “not to intervene in its affairs”; “not to violate its sovereignty”; “not to interrupt peaceful maritime commerce”. The Court “decides that the United States of America is under an obligation to make reparation to the Republic of Nicaragua for all injury caused to Nicaragua…”
“The United States refused to participate in the proceedings, arguing that the ICJ lacked jurisdiction to hear the case. The U.S. also blocked enforcement of the judgment by the UN Security Council and thereby prevented Nicaragua from obtaining any compensation.”
Despite all its wars and military interventions, the U.S. has only declared “war” five times: Great Britain, 1812; Mexico, 1846-8—following the annexation of Texas, the US “annexed” what is now the states of California, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico and Utah); Spain, 1898 (Remember the Maine); World Wars I and II.
In just one U.S. recent war, the first one against Iraq, half a million Iraqi children had been killed by 1995 due to U.S.’s “no fly zone”. On May 12, 1996 U.S. ambassador to the UN, Madeleine Albright, told CBS 60 Minutes, “the price is worth it.” President Bill Clinton soon promoted her to be his secretary of state. (574) Madeleine Albright – The deaths of 500,000 Iraqi children was worth it for Iraq’s non existent WMD’s – YouTube
How can Iceland, and all European governments, ignore this on-going record of mass murder while only singling out Russia for taking up arms against one of the U.S.’s major allies in its eternal aggression to prevent the Russian people from deciding their own destiny? Europe has not put on such a show as they are doing for white Ukrainians, or any show for the multi-millions of people—mostly people of color—that the U.S./NATO have killed in many countries. No government calls upon international courts, which the U.S. does not even recognize for itself, to prosecute U.S. American leaders as war criminals. There have been no sanctions against the U.S. for its endless torturing and murdering.
V1 OECD is comprised of 38 countries in Europe, the Commonwealth, U.S., Israel, Turkey, South Korea. Japan and Mexico. Russia was prepared to join but was rejected when the vast majority of Crimeans voted to join Russia, in 2014. ↑
- V1 OECD is comprised of 38 countries in Europe, the Commonwealth, U.S., Israel, Turkey, South Korea. Japan and Mexico. Russia was prepared to join but was rejected when the vast majority of Crimeans voted to join Russia, in 2014.
While sanctions have hurt Russia’s economy, it has also helped it produce more of their own food and drink. Michelin did not find any Russian restaurants to praise before the sanctions, but now they name seven. Russia is also producing its own champagne, Abrau Dyurso, which was stopped at the beginning of the 1917 revolution. Besides increasing production in several areas, Russia is much closer to the largest population in the world, China, and Iran, making it all the more difficult for US-ARME to dominate one at a time.
“The American criminal justice system holds almost 2.3 million people in 1,833 state prisons, 110 federal prisons, 1,772 juvenile correctional facilities, 3,134 local jails, 218 immigration detention facilities, and 80 Indian Country jails as well as in military prisons, civil commitment centers, state psychiatric hospitals, and prisons in the U.S. territories.” Mass Incarceration: The Whole Pie 2020 | Prison Policy Initiative and Census of State and Federal Adult Correctional Facilities, 2012 (umich.edu) ↑
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About the Author
Ron Ridenour is a U.S.-born author and journalist, anti-war and civil rights activist since 1961. After joining the U.S. Air Force at 17, he saw the inner workings of U.S. imperialism first hand and resigned. In the 1980s and 1990’s he worked with the Nicaraguan government and on Cuban national media.
He now lives in Denmark and, in addition to writing a dozen books, has served as a special correspondent and freelance investigative journalist for many publications in the U.S. and several Latin American and European countries—among them: The Morning Star, New Statesman, The Guardian (U.S. and England), Playboy, Liberation News Service, Pacific News Service, Coast Magazine, Qui, Skeptic, Seven Days, and Pacifica Radio.
CAM co-founder Philip Agee wrote commentaries to two of his dozen books: Yankee Sandinistas: Interviews with North Americans Living and Working in the New Nicaragua, and Backfire: CIA’s Biggest Burn. See also: The Russian Peace Threat: Pentagon on Alert and Winding Brook Stories at Amazon and Lulu. Other work can be found at ronridenour.com.
Ron can be reached at email@example.com.